-The original document was nicely spaced, worked at spacing it when I pasted it here, but couldn't get the spacing just like I wanted it between each separate entry...
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored or introduced into a retrieval system, transmitted in any form or by any means (including electronic, photocopying, mechanical, manual or otherwise) without the prior express & written consent of the owner of the copyright of this book. ©2013 Valerie Lynn Stephens ISBN #: 971-8-304-78029-4
What we discretely refer to as 'Science' vs. 'Spirituality', or 'Physics' vs. 'Metaphysics', are not mutually exclusive systems. In fact, the very same phenomena observed by physicists and the like, are also referred to in the Scriptures. From the Book of Genesis and on, naturalistic phenomena are recorded which we are merely referencing in the annals of humanistic discovery. That is to say, we are merely reiterating in our observations, the verity of pre-existent actualities created and set forth not by humankind, but by God Himself. In the Book of Revelation, we also find eschatological references which correspond with inferences drawn in the 'hard science' and 'soft science' realms of Cosmology, Astrophysics and Quantum Mechanics (this area of study, while steeped in 'hard science' datum, may be considered by some 'purists' to be a 'soft science' due to the theoretical base imposed upon it by quantifiably observable naturalistic limitations). For example, when our sun exhausts its nuclear energy and begins its transformation into a red giant star, thus baking all of the earth and those who dwell upon it in cosmic radiation, after which it may collapse into a black hole, we find parallels in 2 Peter 3:11-12 “Since all these things are to be destroyed in this way, what sort of people ought you to be in holy conduct and godliness, looking for and hastening the coming of the day of God, because of which the heavens will be destroyed by burning, and the elements will melt with intense heat!” as well as in Isaiah 34, verse 4 (possible black hole reference) “And the sky will be rolled up like a scroll...”.
Furthermore, the findings in Physics, Quantum Physics, Astrophysics, and just Physics in general concerning what is most commonly know as Albert Einstein's 'Theory of Relativity', also bear Scriptural precedent. For example, in 1 Timothy 6:16 it refers to Jesus Christ as someone "who alone is immortal and who lives in unapproachable light, whom no one has seen or can see.” This could be a reference to the constants as observed by scientists regarding the limit imposed upon earthly biological entities regarding superluminosity, gravity and quantum mechanical limits such as Pauli's Exclusion Principle which observes how no two electrons ( of which no atom can have more than two electrons) can occupy the same space at the same time (or have the same four quantum electronic numbers, hence 'spin' in atoms with half-integer spin such as electrons and fermions). This Principle also more metaphorically parallels the infinite complexity and uniqueness of each and everything and being which God has created.
Moreover, the verse which refers to “unapproachable light” by many is thought to allude to the speed of light constant, which no human entity since Christ has been able to breach. Furthermore, according to Einstein's Special Theory of Relativity, and what physicists who study black holes have correlated, as one approaches the speed of light, time, to an earth-dweller would appear to come to a complete stand-still. This could be just another way of describing what happens when one has surpassed the light-speed constant for earth, or in essence has breached 'eternity' or timelessness. Of course, to us it would appear to have 'stopped' for the individual who has reached beyond the event horizon of a black hole, because the ability to observe 'time' is limited to our current biological and physical calculations and extrapolations. Also, when pondering things such 'eternity' and 'infinity' in a theoretical sense, we, upon our glimpse into areas such as physics and quantum physics, more specifically regarding astrophysical bodies named by theoretical physicist John Wheeler as 'black holes' (a term first introduced by him in 1967), (who also introduced the term 'wormhole' in 1957), begin to see striking and fascinating parallelisms. Polish theoretical physicist Nikodem Poplawski has made striking observations related to black hole behaviour. Instead of the postulation that the intense gravitational pull of every black hole inevitably leading to a singularity, he has postulated another viewpoint, with torsional vortexes being instead created which lead to a 'white hole' portal into another universe. This strikingly parallels the Scripture which refers to the Kingdom of Heaven as being "many mansions" being created. (John 14:2)
When Albert Einstein proposed his Theory of Special Relativity in a paper published in the German physics Journal Annalen der Physik in 1905, he posited the existence of an electromagnetic particle which he called a 'photon' which would have be the cornerstone for what would develop into the area of Quantum Theory later. He also posited in this Theory of Special Relativity, that only non-accelerating observers would experience a uniformity of the observed laws of physics regarding the speed of light outside of a vacuum. His theory of General Relativity, which postulated gravity as being not a 'force' per se, but a warping of space-time due to the presence of a massive object, took him about ten more years to flesh out. Yet there is an undeniable correlation between Einstein's Special Theory of Relativity and Biblical concepts such as the 'eternity' or 'timelessness' of the nature of God, or God's omniscience and the nature of His dwelling or Kingdom: Isaiah 46:9-10 "Remember the former things long past, for I am God, and there is no other; I am God, and there is no one like Me, declaring the end from the beginning, and from ancient times things which have not been done, saying, 'My purpose will be established, and I will accomplish all My good pleasure.”
2 Peter 3:8: “But do not let this one fact escape your notice, beloved, that with the Lord one day is like a thousand years, and a thousand years like one day.” Psalm 90:2: “Before the mountains were born or You gave birth to the earth and the world, even from everlasting to everlasting, You are God.” Romans 16:26: “But now is manifested, and by the Scriptures of the prophets, according to the commandment of the eternal God, has been made known to all the nations, leading to obedience of faith.” Isaiah 40:28: “Do you not know? Have you not heard? The Everlasting God, the LORD, the Creator of the ends of the earth Does not become weary or tired His understanding is inscrutable.” 1 Corinthians 2:7: “But we speak God's wisdom in a mystery, the hidden wisdom which God predestined before the ages to our glory.” Romans 1:20: “For since the creation of the world His invisible attributes, His eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly seen, being understood through what has been made, so that they are without excuse.”
Proverbs 15:3 - “The eyes of the Lord are everywhere, keeping watch on the wicked and the good.” Psalm 33:13 - “From heaven the Lord looks down and sees all mankind; from his dwelling place he watches all who live on earth…” 1 Chronicles 28:9 - “…for the Lord searches every heart, and understands every motive behind the thoughts. If you seek him, we will be found by you; but if you forsake him, he will reject you forever.” 1 Kings 8:27 : "But will God indeed dwell on the earth? Behold, heaven and the highest heaven cannot contain You, how much less this house which I have built!” Jeremiah 23:24: “Can a man hide himself in hiding places So I do not see him?" declares the LORD "Do I not fill the heavens and the earth?" declares the LORD.” And many more...
In finale, one could reasonably surmise not only that Physics are just as legitimate as Metaphysics, that 'Science' is just as legitimate as what we call 'Spirituality', and that religious/spiritual concepts and beliefs in things like 'Eternity', 'Infinity' and 'Everlasting Life' are just as much a part of 'hard science' observed phenomena as 'Special Relativity', Quantum Physics, and the like. We have seen their effects, no matter which language we use to describe it. And what humans are capable of 'seeing' and 'observing' I believe, doesn't even come close to what ultimate reality actually is in its totality. Thus, as physicists and like-minded people all across God's great Earth continue their search for the Holy Grail of Physics and Quantum Physics: Grand Unified Theory, the Creator of it all is the one who ultimately decides what humankind needs to know and will be granted access to. But nevertheless in the end, all will have been given adequate knowledge and insight, and all will be without excuse.
Theoretical physicists postulate the existence of a form of matter called 'antimatter'. This form of matter is postulated to be 'the evil force' of subatomic physics that would annihilate any matter which came into contact with it in a massive and catastrophic explosion. However, for now, this antimatter has been tested and observed to exist at a slightly faster energial state than the 'matter' that we know of, and therefore remains, for the time being, innocuous and quite mysterious. And some cosmologists and laymen alike theorize that perhaps what we have come to call 'the Big Bang' arose out of an Anti-matter/Matter collision. The Anti-matter could then be metaphorically compared to the concept of 'evil' and the Matter compared to the force of 'good.'
There are quantum particles which have been observed to exist in more than one place at a time, which can mysteriously influence other particles not within its range. This is called 'quantum non-locality', or 'quantum entanglement.' Albert Einstein referred to it as “spooky action at a distance.” Perhaps spiritual or metaphysical entities can be 'sensed' by humans and even animals, due to this quantum phenomenon. Also, the experience which many have had whereby we can sometimes 'sense' when we are being directly observed by another person outside of our ocular scope, may someday be proven to have a correlation to the quantum entanglement of the mind-field or 'cosmic consciousness'! And perhaps these spiritual entities and 'forces' are ever-present on a subatomic level, which is why they remain so elusive from a 'hard science' purview. What theologians and philosophers refer to as God's 'omniscience' is enabled through this quantum non-locality intellective property? Furthermore, perhaps this would be a way to synthesize any fallacies of mutual exclusivity being assumed relating to the doctrine of Pre-election and Free Will. The quantum mechanical behaviour of some entangled particles known as 'superposition' could reconcile for some, the concept that individuals and all of the possible paths taken as well as our ultimate spiritually-defining choices can be known to God all at once, much like what we perceive as the past, present and future, whilst also allowing for freedom of will. Meaning, that the Mind of God exists naturally in a state of quantum superposition, as do all possible 'worlds' or 'parallel universes' known in theoretical physics as the 'Many Worlds Interpretation.' Moreover, perhaps these 'multiverses' are being created as we speak with each deed done or left undone while we dwell here on earth and make our way in this world, which will then be the Lot of our Eternal inheritance? (Romans 2:6; John 14:2)
Spiritual energy is not bound by the laws of conservation as observed in operation throughout the physical/natural world. In a word, there are no spiritual/metaphysical Laws Of Conservation. The more of God's (Triune) love we give, the more we receive.
A person's level of higher education does not need be inversely proportional to their level of spiritual development & wisdom. The more we come to know intellectually, the more we come to intuit spiritually about the undeniable truths of The Triune God & His inerrant Word. The metaphysical law of Entropy verifies the inerrancy of Scriptural precedent concerning original sin, & the essential subordination to God which is required to find order amidst the degeneracy & chaos of our human condition. Incidentally, the Second Law of Thermodynamics (“entropy”, term coined by Rudolf Clausius), also negates the possibility of evolution by random chance (no intelligent designer behind it), due to the irrefutably tried & true fact that this second law leads only to an increase in complexity (informational input) or disorganization & a marked decrease in efficiency (energial input & output). In other words, the length of time needed for macro-evolution to occur (one species to evolve into another completely new species) would be statistically impossible due to the order of the law of entropy leading to the mortality (death) of said species before it could evolve.
Zero-point energy is a term which observes the lowest possible energy state of all atoms. This indirectly but rather compellingly verifies with scientific & metaphysical certainty, the presence of mind beyond matter as we know and observe it (The Triune God). In a word, even what appears to be 'nothing', nevertheless teems...with something. The physical law of symmetry allows for quantum-level changes to occur without altering the macro-cosmic appearance of things. The spiritual/metaphysical law of symmetry bears scriptural precedent concerning the resurrection unto new bodies for all believers & followers of the Triune God (The Father, The Son (Jesus Christ), & The Holy Spirit), according to 2 Corinthians 4: 16-17. “...but though our outer man is perishing, our inner man is being renewed day by day. For momentary light affliction is producing for us, an eternal light of glory far beyond all comparison.” And this law can be paralleled in general, with how we are undergoing spiritual changes while remaining the same by all other accounts due to the laws of physical/natural conservation. This physics/metaphysics law comparison could also support the view that we will be able to recognize those we have loved & known while we were on earth, as, although our spiritual countenance has been fully actualized, our outermost physical, earthly appearance has remained.
The strong anthropic principle by ontological & epistemological necessity verifies the existence of a sovereign & superior Spiritual Entity which has created all things above, below & here on this earth. The mere verity of the human ability to question the existence of such a being by logical necessity presumes that the Answer has already been provided. Yes, (the Triune) God is a very real presence, (the Triune) God is a very verifiable presence, & (the Triune) God is sustaining all as we now ponder such a Being's very existence.
Jesus' divinity, as biblically verified most commonly through the event of His resurrection and walking on water (& many others, of course), can be accounted for in the “hard” physical sciences through the behavioural observances of those subatomic particles named “fermions” and “bosons”. Fermions must obey Pauli's Exclusion Principle, which is ultimately that force keeping all matter/energy discretely manifest into the “separation” of objects & persons that we see now. Yet bosons, also referred to in Physics parlance as “the force carriers” are not beholden to Pauli's Exclusion Principle, & therefore can reasonably be thought of as the “Spiritual” or “Metaphysical” aspect of matter/energy, namely the holy, godly forces & the unholy, satanic forces (“unseen principalities” Ephesians 6:12) which we battle as human beings. Furthermore, two of the main reasons we humans cannot “walk on water” (at least in a strictly physical sense) is due not only to the electromagnetic force repelling all matter/energy away from us as it also attracts to us, but also due to Pauli's Exclusion Principle, which he observed as being how no two electrons can exist in the same place at the same time. However, Jesus' bipartite ontology can be logically deduced from the aforementioned laws of Physics & Quantum Mechanics, as, being composed of both fermionic & bosonic matter/energy, could transcend the laws of physics at His will. In a word, He & He alone was very self-evidently, the only entity who ever walked the earth imparted with bipartite humanity and divinity (or supernatural ability).
The speed of light constant (in how no mere mortal has ever breached it) also verifies the pressing issue of human submission & subservience to an Almighty, Sovereign (Triune) God not merely through 1 Timothy 6:16: “...(Christ) who alone is immortal & lives in unapproachable light whom no one has seen nor can see” but also through every single one of the “hard” scientific discoveries allotted to humankind through the benevolence, righteousness & grace of our God so that we might seek & find Him. Also, the aforementioned speed of light constant can logically, when weighed with the evidence of physics ( and all “hard” sciences), verify the actuality of God's Kingdom (Heaven) and Hell being actual places of dwelling (after all, the earth & universe evidently is, isn't it, and we certainly didn't create it), which we will all someday be allotted each according to our deeds & our steadfastness in Him. Furthermore, each & every single one of the constants & conservation laws as set down by God the Creator Himself & revealed to us, His progeny & students, can be found with reasonable certainty to verify not only the existence of a just & living God, but console us in the presence of an unfathomably immaculate & sublime Deity (Triune), who is ever there to guide & instruct all who “seek me (him) with all your (our) heart(s)” (Jeremiah 29:12) through His Inerrant Word. “...for He does not wish that any should perish but that all should come to repentance.” (2 Peter 3:9)
The “cosmic censorship conjecture”, as coined by Roger Penrose, circa 1979, which observes the phenomena of black hole singularities as being surrounded by “event horizons” from which, by their very physical nature, no information can escape, verifies human epistemological limitation and thus, the sovereignty of God's wisdom and general ontological status over humankind. The “cosmic background radiation”, as discovered by Arno Penzias & Robert Wilson circa 1965, was not only scientific verification of the “Big Bang Theory”, & of the finitude of our universe, but was, unsuspectingly, also a metaphysical verification of a creational beginning point, and hence, a Creator by necessity. Consequently, their discovery led to Edwin Hubble's realization of the universe's expansion (Hubble's constant), which also metaphysically verifies/reiterates the current active & benevolent interest that our Father God (Triune) takes in our eventual eternality. In a Word, the new earth, Heaven & Hell could be viewed as being created by God even as we speak, as the universe continues to expand. However, He grants us freedom of choice which also suggests that, although we may be bound & limited by the laws of a limited universe & human condition, His omniscience & grace are not. Our eternal fate is therefore, in due part, in our own hands. “No eye has seen, nor ear has heard, no mind has conceived what God has prepared for those who love Him.” (1 Corinthians 2:9)
Dalton's law of Partial Pressures, applied theologically (and with a healthy dose of irreverence sans irrelevance) shouts out: God never gives us more than we can handle when we fall on our knees & take His Almighty hand! Amen! (that's the “bible-belt” upbringing I just had to get out in me!)
The determinism principle of Physics states that, if one could know with infinite accuracy the state of a system at one point in time, one can know all other states: past, present & future of such system. The determinism principle set down by we self-evidently finite creatures called “homo sapiens” therefore merely reiterates the omniscience of the Triune God, and God alone. (To clarify, because we obviously have never, & do not possess such infinite knowledge). The indeterminacy principle of quantum mechanics/physics, as coined & expounded upon by Werner Heisenberg, is thus further scientific back-up of the previous law. (This principle states how, in the subatomic realm, it appears that particles must naturally follow, due to never being able to measure, at the same time, a particle's momentum and position, a law of mere probability. And this phenomena verifies what we can know with philosophical and theological certainty concerning the tangibility of every human individual's moral accountability to God, themselves & their fellow humankind (otherwise known as “free will”).
According to Drake's Equation, which is used to determine whether there are other entities as intelligent or more intelligent as we, God's chosen children are, “out there” somewhere in this universe (or other universes), it has been found with scientific ethicality, to be statistically impossible! In other words, we are the ones He has created in His image & thus are we thoroughly accountable to Him. “So God created man in His own image, in the image of God He created Him; male and female He created them.” (Genesis 1:27) Also, we can hear the Word speak in Genesis 2:1: “Thus the heavens and the earth were completed in all their vast array.” Even cosmologists & astronomers have to concede that only one of the seven criteria set down by scientists in these fields for adequate calculation of such a determination is “R” or the notation used for the rate of star formation in our galaxy. However, this alone is not enough to reduce the exquisite architecture of God's design to desecrated ashes.
The biological law of irreducible complexity is verified by the very Word of God, written millennia before such scientific phenomena were observed, let alone discovered. It is to be found in 1 Corinthians 12: 12-19 & verses 24 & 25: “The body is a unit, though it is made up of many parts; and though all its parts are many, they form one body. So it is with Christ. For we were all baptized by one Spirit into one body-whether Jews or Greeks, slave or free-and we were all given the one Spirit to drink. Now the body is not made up of one part but of many. If the foot should say, “Because I am not a hand, I do not belong to the body.” And if the ear should say, “Because I am not an eye, I do not belong to the body,” it would not for that reason cease to be a part of the body. If the whole body were an eye, where would the sense of hearing be? If the whole body were an ear, where would the sense of smell be? But in fact God has arranged the parts in the body, every one of them, just as he wanted them to be. If they were all one part, where would the body be?” “But God has combined the members of the body & has given great honour to the parts that lacked it, so that there should be no division in the body, but that its parts should have equal concern for each other.”
The physics law of unitary transformations bears confirmation of the infinitude, faithfulness and eternality of the Triune God. This physics term denotes the phenomenon of constancy within a system of variation or change. Due to the limits of human knowledge, as set forth in metaphysical/physical law number nine (“cosmic censorship conjecture”), God created nature with enough variety & complexity to maintain a paradoxical appearance of both change & stasis. He provided us with the deductions of general revelation (“God glimpsed through His creation.”) not only in that we might realize our finity & impotence before His sovereignty, but also that we can continue experiencing each day anew, emboldened by the subtle yet profound transformations that He is working within our spirit as we continue each along our human journeys towards spiritual consummation through “...remain(ing) firm until the end.” (Mark 13:13)
If a luxon is a particle that travels solely at the speed of light (photons being the primary example) &, although it has a rest mass of zero yet some momentum, & a tachyon travels super-luminally (faster than the speed of light), then a simple but fun metaphysical metaphor could state that we are the “luxons” & God is that force composed of “tachyons!” Physicist Leon Lederman was credited with coining the catch-phrase “the God particle” in reference to the Higgs boson, but, speaking colloquially, I've often thought this to apply just as well to the “tachyon,” as it bears more scriptural precedent as recorded in 1 Timothy 6:16: “...(Christ) who alone is immortal & lives in unapproachable light whom no one has seen nor can see.”
The metaphysical “Magnus effect” states that as long as we are “flowing” in God's direction, our “speed” (spiritual efficacy & wealth) is increased & (worldly) pressure is reduced. (“Come to me, all who are weary & burdened & I will give you rest. Take my yoke upon you & learn from me, for I am gentle & humble in heart & you will find rest for your souls. For my yoke is easy & my burden light.” Matthew 11: 27-30) The scientific “uniformity principle” posits that our universe & all in it, including humankind, is nothing special at all, and is therefore completely & utterly meaningless & absurd. The metaphysical uniformity principle very strongly & self-evidently confirms that our God (Triune) is an awesome God! (Especially in the face of such human foolishness & refutation of the undeniable glory of His works, above & below.) (“When I consider your heavens, the work of your fingers, the moon & the stars, which you have set into place, what is man that you are mindful of him? You made him a little lower than the heavenly beings & crowned him with honour & glory.” Psalm 8: 3-5)
In scientific parlance, a “psuedo-force” is a force incorrectly assumed by someone treating an inertial frame of reference as an accelerating one. In metaphysical parlance then, we can play upon the concept by asserting that we, in & of ourselves (our own will & our own force) are mere “pseudo-forces” (we are “in inertia”) without the grace of God Almighty sustaining us, & the force of God guiding & propelling us (theological term: “semi-pelagianism”-human beings are saved both through their own will to submission to God & by His grace). And this verity is backed up by the self-evidenced observation any human being at or beyond the “age of accountability” who has tried to manage this life of their own fallible human capacity has adequately had confirmed. For we continually fail, without both a submission to & a vigorously sought-out personal yet transcendent experience of a higher power (the Triune God), to manifest anything but an infinite regress of our own human finitude, powerlessness & depravity. (“For all have sinned & fall short the glory of God.” Romans 4:23) & (“...man does not live on bread alone but on every word that comes from the mouth of the Lord.” Deuteronomy 8:3)
Micro-evolution is change within a species and is a scientifically verified fact. Macro-evolution is the assumption that one species can change or evolve completely into another species. This latter theory has been irrefutably & consistently proven to be invalid & false. There is a popular phraseology amongst some scientists to sum this up: “Micro-evolution does not prove macro-evolution.” In addition, the concept & term “natural selection”, as popularized by Charles Darwin's writings, has only been observed in a micro-evolutionary sense, & does not occur in a macro-evolutionary sense. The scriptural precedent & support for such hard science (physics, mathematics, chemistry, molecular biology, etc.) & soft science (anthropology, microbiology, paleontology, geology, general biology, etc.) observances are found first in Genesis 1: 20-26. There is also a scriptural parallel supported by the hard scientific discovery made in thermodynamics, namely that ubiquitous first law of energy conservation, which is found in Genesis 2: 2 “And on the seventh day God rested & ended his work which he had made.” Also, throughout the book of Genesis, the specific phrase “each according to its kind (or kinds)” is repeated, suggesting therefore very strongly, that species dichotomy was (and still is) a natural invariant. Thus, macro-evolution is, again, proven to be mere speculation.
The scripture not only consistently & verifiably declares God as the sovereign Creator of all on the earth, above & below, but also supports the archaeological evidence gathered for centuries concerning the “Cambrian Explosion”, that period of the earth's history where the most sudden & fecund explosion of most of the life species in existence today appeared (about 570 million years ago according to paleontologists). The fossil record to date backs this up. As a matter of fact, what the scientific community calls “the Cambrian Explosion” could also be verification of the flood account of Genesis: 6, 7, 8 & 9. Although many still speculate on this point, due to the discrepancies of genealogy dating of the Bible & the discoveries made in the cosmological/astronomical sciences concerning the age of the earth (& the universe) & those of archaeology & paleontology. The most current estimate is that the earth is about 4.5 billion years old, & the first humans to have lived on the earth began about 300,000 years ago. However, we must always bear in mind, that both archaeology & paleontology are considered by legitimate & respected scientists & layman as “soft” sciences. In others words, their claims have not been consistently verified in “hard” scientific ways.
Hubble's constant (“redshift” phenomenon discovered by Edwin Hubble in 1924 which verified that our universe is expanding rather than contracting) can be verified by Job 9: 8 “He alone stretches out the heavens & treads on the waves of the sea.” Another scriptural precedent is spoken in Jeremiah 10: 12 “But God made the earth by His power; he founded the world by his wisdom & stretched out the heavens by his understanding.” Note the specific use in Job 9: 8 of present tense “stretches” meaning it is still going on (expansion: Hubble's constant). The second mentioned scripture is notable due to the reiteration that He alone is God & has a righteous & perfect plan for all that is currently unfolding here on earth, above & below, yet we still have been granted freedom of will & choice through his grace, righteousness & abounding mercy to come to repentance at any time & submit ourselves to Him. All in all, we can “know” only so many “facts” before we must come to terms with our inherent human finitude & inadequacy before Almighty God. We must “Trust in the Lord with all your (our) heart(s) and lean not on your (our) own understanding; in all your (our) ways acknowledge Him & He will make your (our) paths straight.” (Proverbs 3: 5)
In quantum physics parlance “Hilbert space” is that space where all potential matter/energy exists. Perhaps there is such a “space” & perhaps it is “heaven” or God's Kingdom? There are scriptures which support this possibility, as well as that deduction which can be inferred from ordinary observation of the wonders which God has already fashioned. In quantum string theory, there are also mathematical objects called Calabi-Yau manifolds whereby there are theorized, multi-dimensions folded up or “compacted” one upon another. These could also, at least conceptually speaking, be a good Physics/Metaphysics parallel as it relates to the kingdom of heaven. The first Scripture related to the aforementioned concepts is of course found in John 14: 1-4 “Do not let your hearts be troubled. Trust in God; trust also in me. In my Father's house there are many rooms; if it were not so I would have told you. I am going there to prepare a place for you. I will come back & take you to be with me that you also may be where I am. You know the way to the place where I am going.” The next scripture is found in Matthew 25: 34 “Then the King will say to those on his right, 'Come, you who are blessed by my Father; take your inheritance, the kingdom prepared for you since the creation of the world.” And, last but certainly not least, 1 Corinthians 2: 9 “However as it is written: “No eye has seen, nor ear has heard, no mind has conceived what God has prepared for those who love Him.”
In accordance with a discovery made by Pyotr Kapitsa in 1937, liquid helium, when cooled at or below 5 degrees Kelvin, was discovered to act as a “super-fluid”. A super-fluid is a fluid with zero viscosity & no friction, and is thus a more efficient heat conductor. Albert Einstein & Alfred Bose also discovered that a cloud of atoms, cooled to less than a millionth of a degree above absolute zero can form an “Einstein-Bose condensate” whereby individual atoms (bosons) act as one entity. Mercury in particular, is one element that, when cooled to 4 degrees Kelvin, becomes a “superconductor” A superconductor is an element with zero electrical resistance & full retainment of electrical charge. It is therefore more energy efficient than standard conductors. To play upon another fun Physics/Metaphysics analogy, Matthew 18: 20 “For where two or more gather in my name, there am I with them.” We, as God's children, can become, according to this law of metaphysics, as “spiritual super-fluids & superconductors” when coming together in His name to serve others!
The Higgs boson, colloquially coined “the God particle” by physicist Leon Lederman, is that theoretical subatomic particle said to give all particles their mass. In our exploration of the Scripture as it relates to general revelation (glimpses of God through His creation), we indeed find affirmation of this physics postulation in Ephesians 4: 10: “He who descended is the very one who ascended higher than all the heavens in order to fill the whole universe.” This scripture not only backs up the intuition of many scientists and laymen that there is a higher, supra-natural force behind all that we observe & experience, but it also establishes God's divine attribute of omnipresence as a reasonable scientific & philosophical deduction. In 1994, scientists measured very high concentrations of helium in distant intergalactic clouds. According to the big-bang model of cosmology, (Einstein's theory of general relativity, Hubble's constant, COBE (Cosmic Background Explorer launched in 1989 by George Smoot & University of California at Berkeley), which measures the cosmic background radiation, etc.) at around 20 seconds after the universe's birth, the proportion of helium present would have had to have at least accounted for 25 percent of all matter/energy. Indeed, since the 1994 measurement, many more hard scientific verifications have been made to support the presence of an appropriate measure of helium at the farthest universal reaches.
The evidence is in: There was a beginning point to creation, (Genesis 1: 1 “In the beginning God created the heavens & the earth.”) and there was an end point after the creation of the current heavens & earth (our “universe”) (Genesis 2: 1 “Thus the heavens & the earth were completed in all their vast array.”) Furthermore, both science (namely the fields of Astronomy & Cosmology) & theology both echo the sentiment (& verity) that there will be an end to this current universe at some future point (Matthew 24: 29 “Immediately after the distress of those days, “'the sun will be darkened, & the moon will no longer give its light; the stars will fall from the sky, & the heavenly bodies will be shaken.'”). The discoveries mentioned thus far are key in the field of Apologetics because, along with all of the other evidence from both hard and “soft” sciences, they further reinforce the statistical & physical impossibility of macro-evolution (evolution from even one single-celled paramecia to the diversity and complexity of species phyla, class & order we see today & have discovered from the fossil record to have existed in the past) thereby very strongly inferring the existence of a divine Creator (Triune). In a word, as we continue to seek out the truth with a sincere heart & a soundness of mind, there is no other reasonable course of deduction than to assume the divinely omniscient & omnipotent hand-print of an Intelligent Designer (although “intelligent” is indeed a gross understatement of God's sovereignty in comparison to that of ours (humankind). Indeed, even random development of a single cell has since been proven to be impossible even given a period of the 14 billion years currently guesstimated for the age of the universe (earth-age estimate is about 4.5 billion years) to “evolve”. And, of course, as aforementioned in entry number 15, the phenomenon of “irreducible complexity” (coined by Michael Behe), also bears scriptural precedent against postulations of “random” evolutionary processes: 1 Corinthians 12: 12-19: “The body is a unit, though it is made up of many parts; and though all its parts are many, they form one body. So it is with Christ. For we were all baptized by one Spirit into one body-whether Jews or Greeks, slave or free-and we were all given the one Spirit to drink. Now the body is not made up of one part but of many. If the foot should say, “Because I am not a hand, I do not belong to the body.” And if the ear should say, “Because I am not an eye, I do not belong to the body,” it would not for that reason cease to be a part of the body. If the whole body were an eye, where would the sense of hearing be? If the whole body were an ear, where would the sense of smell be? But in fact God has arranged the parts in the body, every one of them, just as he wanted them to be. If they were all one part, where would the body be?”
An issue of contention amongst believers & non-believers concerns what Apologeticists refer to as “the young earth vs. the old earth argument.” According to the records of biblical genealogy, many theologians & biblical scholars contend that the earth can be no older (or not much older) than its first inhabitants. “Hard” scientific discoveries made in areas such as Physics, Astronomy & Cosmology concede that the age of the universe at large is around 14 billion years, & that of the earth is about 4.5 billion years. Although most theologians consider this issue “adiaphoric”, meaning a detail insignificant to the more pressing issue of “soteriology” or of each individual's eternal fate or salvation, there is an allowance made in the “softer” science of linguistics. The Hebrew word “yom” can be interpreted to mean “day” as in one 24 hour period of time-measure, or it can also be used to denote “age” as in a longer duration or span of time. Therefore, as in Genesis 1: 5 “...And there was evening, & there was morning-the first day...” (and so on up to the seventh “day” mentioned in Scripture), it is considered to be more reasonable to assume “day” to mean “age” than to assume the “young-earth” stance as valid. However, as aforementioned, this particular semantic discrepancy is negligible as it relates to the issue of how to live one's life on this earth now, so that we can attain that ultimate & eternal redemption & salvation found only in & through the Triune Godhead & diligent, faithful adherence to His Word. (John 14: 6 “Jesus answered, “I am the way, the truth & the life. No one comes to the Father except through me.”)
Based on the discovery of micro-fossils, scientists have now estimated the time-gap between when the universe reached just the right temperature & the first life began to emerge as about 4 hundred million years ago. Indeed, the Cambrian explosion mentioned above in entry 22, when more than 70 percent of all current phyla of life-forms appeared on the earth within a relatively short time-span, is also verified to have coincided very closely with the genesis of the earth itself, which would be another strong contraindication to the quickly waning (& to some, completely & irrefutably debunked) theory of macro-evolution. Although many believe the apocalypse spoken of all throughout the Scriptures (not just in Revelations) to be brought about by a nuclear holocaust, or by humankind, the probability of “the end” happening through naturalistic means is just as valid. Cosmologists & astronomers predict that, in about 5 billion or so more years, our sun, which is in the classification of a “main sequence dwarf” star, will burn out its hydrogen fuel & morph into a “red giant” star, engulfing the earth in its cosmic gamma radiation. This scientific fact is also backed up by the Holy Writ repeatedly in many passages: (By the same word the present heavens & earth are reserved for fire.” “That day will bring about the destruction of the heavens with fire, & the elements will melt in the heat.” 2 Peter 3: 7 & 12) “Immediately after the distress of those days “'the sun will be darkened, & the moon will not give off its light; the stars will fall from the sky, & the heavenly bodies will be shaken. Matthew 24: 29) Also, eschatologically speaking, we find scriptural confirmation of scientific findings in Revelation 6: 12 “The sun turned black like sackcloth made of goat hair, the whole moon turned blood red, & the stars in the sky fell to earth, as late figs drop from a fig tree when shaken by a strong wind. The sky receded like a scroll, rolling up, & every mountain & island was removed from its place.” And furthermore: “The first angel sounded his trumpet & there came hail & fire mixed with blood, & it was hurled down upon the earth. A third of the earth was burned up, a third of the trees were burned up & all of the green grass was burned up. (Revelation 8: 7) And last but certainly not least another scriptural precedent occurs in 2 Peter 3:10 “...The heavens will disappear with a roar; the elements will be destroyed by fire & the earth & all in it will be laid bare.” And another key eschatological reference is last but not least found in: (Acts 2:19-21 “I will show wonders in the heaven above & signs on the earth below & blood & fire & billows of smoke. The sun will be turned to darkness & the moon to blood before the coming of the great & glorious day of the Lord. And everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved.”) Incidentally (or more than incidentally), cosmologists, astronomers, etc. have estimated that our Sun has been burning for about 4.6 billion years, very closely coinciding with the current estimate for the age of our earth (4.5 billion years).
According to what physicists, cosmologists & astronomers, etc. refer to as the “concordance chart”, our universe is thought to be composed of four classified types of energy/matter. Interestingly enough, “baryonic matter” (matter composed of “baryons”), of which we (humans) are made, makes up just about .05% of all matter/energy! In fact, “dark matter” & “dark energy” are what most of our universe seems to be made of. “Dark matter composes about 25% of all matter/energy. Yet most intriguingly enough, “dark energy” makes up a whopping 70% (or more) of all matter/energy! Perhaps this “dark energy” & “dark matter” contains more theological & philosophical significance than we think. Perhaps, as stated in Ephesians 6:12 “For our struggle is not against flesh & blood (“baryonic matter”) but against the powers of this dark world & against the spiritual forces of evil in the heavenly realms.” we do possess “hard” scientific proof of “spiritual” phenomena now as I speak. After all, such “scientific proof” is often merely the best postulate that we human beings can come up with to explain something that is ultimately transcendent & unknowable in an omniscient sense. God alone possesses this quality. (Psalm 139:16 “All the days ordained for me were written in your book before one of them came to be.”) (Job 37:16 “...those wonders of him who is perfect in knowledge.”)
The “quantum no-cloning theory” verified mathematically by physicists which states that on a quantum level, bits of information can never be exactly duplicated parallels the undeniable & intrinsic uniqueness & sanctity of all God's (Triune) creation, speaking generally & individualistically & personally for each and every one of His children. (Psalm 139:13-14 “For you created my inmost being; you knit me together in my mother's womb. I praise you because I am fearfully & wonderfully made. Your works are wonderful, I know that full well.”) (Job 11:7 “Can you fathom the mysteries of God? Can you probe the limits of the Almighty?”) (Psalm 136:1-9 “Give thanks to the Lord, for he is good. His love endures forever. Give thanks to the God of gods. His love endures forever. Give thanks to the Lord of lords: His love endures forever. To him alone who does great wonders, His love endures forever. Who by his understanding made the heavens, His love endures forever. Who spread out the earth upon the waters, His love endures forever. Who made the great lights-His love endures forever. The sun to govern the day, His love endures forever. The moon & the stars to govern the night, His love endures forever.”) (Psalm 8:1 &3-6 “O Lord, our Lord, how majestic is your name in all the earth! You have set your glory above the heavens. (And verses 3-6:) When I consider your heavens, the work of your fingers, the moon & the stars, which you have set in place, what is man that you are mindful of him? (And yet) You crowned him with glory & honour. You made him ruler over the works of your hands.”)
Walter Nernst, in 1905, was the first to discover & record the third law of thermodynamics, which states that no object can be cooled to absolute zero, which is the temperature whereby all random molecular movements completely cease. Since everything evidently starts out with at least a little heat energy for there to be any “life”, no finite process can thereby wring out every possible last amount of heat/energy from anything. This strictly “scientific” finding is therefore yet more evidence pointing towards both the eternality & the “aseity”, or, self-sufficient & sustaining existence of God, The Son & The Holy Spirit. But most of all, this naturalistic (yet still divinely realized) revelation also negates the doctrine of annihilationism (also known as “conditional immortality or “conditionalism”), which presumes there to be a point where some life, namely the lives of those condemned according to “the day of judgment”, will be completely snuffed out. However, the fallacy of such a postulate is not only proven to be logistically in err, but theologically & philosophically unsound as well. The reasons for this are supported by the following biblical passages: (Psalm 90:2 “From everlasting to everlasting you are God.”) (Genesis 21:33 “And there he (Abraham) called upon the name of the Lord, the Eternal God. (The Hebrew for “the God of Eternity is “El Olam, which is what the original Scripture quotes.) Thus, logistically & even semantically, we can reasonably assume, based on God's divine attribute of eternality & aseity that He cannot ever cease to exist, & furthermore, an “everlasting destruction” such as that quoted in 2 Thessalonians 1:7-9 presumes a continued existence for such an ontological condition to be met. Another strong passage in support of a conscious & non-ceasing condemnation for the “wicked” is found in both Mark 9:43-48 & Luke 12:4-5 where Jesus quoted hell a place of “unquenchable flames” where the bodies of the wicked would never die. Also the beast, the false prophet & Satan himself, along with all other condemned creations of God will be consigned to a place of eternal torment & destruction. Daniel 12:2 speaks to this issue of theological debate: “Multitudes who sleep in the dust of the earth will awake. Some to everlasting life & others to shame & everlasting contempt.” Therefore, we can conclude that the aforementioned third law of thermodynamics, or, as physicists & the like refer to it, “thermodynamic equilibrium” is in operation from a current, naturalistic (scientific) perspective & in a commutational regard as it relates to the worlds to come, or the “new heaven & new earth” prophesied by Peter in 2 Peter 3:13. No being created in God's image, along with the devil, the false prophet, or the beast will cease consciousness, whether they are banished to hell or granted entrance into heaven.
C-Parity, or “charge conjugation” is a term used by physicists to denote the behaviour of the electron-positron pair annihilation which balances out the forces of the universe & maintains the laws of symmetry. In fact, the common “static” that we hear emitted from various electronics devices is in essence, (at least loosely speaking) the “war of the particles & antiparticles (electrons & positrons)!” Just for the fun of it: Let's say God & his legions of angels are “matter” & the evil forces are the “anti-matter” in constant battlement with one another (at least quantum-ly speaking). There is a Scripture which suggests that such forces (good & evil) are manifest through subatomic phenomena: (Ephesians 6:12 “For our struggle is not against flesh & blood but against the powers of this dark world & against the spiritual forces of evil in the heavenly realms.”)
At higher energies, the “coupling constant” (the force which holds “quarks” together in matter) decreases, while at lower energies, it increases. Another physics/metaphysics eschatological parallel begs the question: Could this physical/natural law perhaps someday manifest itself as the unification of Spirit with all matter? If the highest point of energy (the Planck energy) were breached, would then this reunify all matter/energy into one singularity of ultimate power & energy (as in the cosmological beginning point) except in this case leading to another world altogether and unto new bodies each according to what we have done while in our earthly bodies (“For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ, that each one may receive what is due him for the things done while in the body, whether good or bad.” 2 Corinthians 5:10). This concept has, in fact, been scientifically observed on a quantum level, whereby all forces unite with equal power & strength at a high enough energy point. It has also been observed that the coupling constant for strong forces shoots off into infinity at lower energies. Perhaps this is how God Almighty will render the final death unto resurrection into new bodies & the new earth & new heavens? Perhaps the lowest energy state (zero point energy) will bring about the death of the old earth, heavens & human bodies into their eternal, imperishable states? (Listen, I tell you a mystery: We will not all sleep, but will be changed-in a flash in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet. For the trumpet will sound, the dead will be raised imperishable and we will be changed.” 1 Corinthians 51-52) (“He who was seated on the throne said, “I am making everything new!” Revelation 21:5 (“Then I saw a new heaven & a new earth, for the first heaven & the first earth had passed away...” Revelation 21:1)
The closer one approaches the speed of light, the more & more all life & time-space properties are slowed. Time becomes eternal & space, infinite. This parallels the theological belief in an eventual inheritance & resurrection unto eternal life/immortality, & also unto a new heaven & a new earth as paralleled by biblical prophesy. In other words, perhaps God being referred to as “Spirit” & as a being/entity of “light” possesses more than a metaphorical basis. Perhaps when those who have inherited His Kingdom are “raised imperishable (1 Corinthians 15)”, they will literally breach superluminosity, for such a transcendence of current laws of physics would be necessary. For as Scripture states: 1 Timothy 6:16: “...(Christ) who alone is immortal & lives in unapproachable light whom no one has seen nor can see.” And we are also told: (...flesh & blood cannot enter into the Kingdom of God, nor does the perishable inherit the imperishable.” 1 Corinthians 15:50) As a matter of scriptural promise, we are reminded in Revelation 21:5 that Christ Himself will (...make everything new!”) The natural world ruled as it is now by the current laws of physics, etc. will be literally another universe in comparison to the one we feel bound by now. We need only look around at the glorious splendour of all that God has created in our current world to realize: If he could make all of this that we currently see & experience, who's to say that His imagination itself isn't a vast more Infinite?
According to the physical law of the conservation of electrical charge, every time a negative charge is created, a positive one must also manifest. A simpler, yet still striking metaphysical parallel could be: Where there is a negative (evil) force, there also does God allow for a positive (good) force to keep the scales of justice even. Also, an electromagnetic field is observed to have what physicists call a “push” or an outward direction of force, & a “flux” or an inward force of direction. This natural, strictly “physical” law could be used as a metaphysical metaphor for the psychospiritual phenomenon of “strength in vulnerability”or to pay homage to Buckminster Fuller's aptly coined phrase “tensegrity”. An architectural structure which possesses “tensegrity” is a structure which has both resilience & strength of form & function. God's children can have such strength in vulnerability through becoming renewed in Christ, & in surrendering our lives & hearts desires to Him. (But those who hope in the Lord will renew their strength. They will soar on wings like eagles; they will run & not grow weary, they will walk & not faint.” Isaiah 40:31) When we are successful in doing this, we are granted a kind of what I like to call “spiritual super-fluidity”! This phenomenon is best described by most believers as how things in our lives just seem to “flow” forward & all things just seem to come together in a way which we do not experience living outside of God's will for our lives. (“For I know the plans I have for you; declares the Lord, plans to prosper you & not harm you. Plans to give you hope & a future.” Jeremiah 29:11)
NASA astronomer Sasha Kashlinsky, extrapolating from his observations of the Cosmic Microwave Background, has discovered the possibility that galaxies in our universe are being gravitationally pulled by a mysterious force he has dubbed “Dark Flow”, into another region of space-time. This could perhaps be a theoretical and even possibly a “hard science” correlation with the Scriptural precedent of a “heaven” and a “hell”, towards which earth dwellers are gravitating (metaphysically-speaking) towards their eventual eternal lot. This 'edge' of the universe which cosmologists, physicists, astronomers and the like are seeking in order to answer the question of our universes infinity or finity, could in fact be more of a 'point' in space-time, otherwise known as the 'Big Bang' singularity from whence all energy/matter existent in our known universe was midwifed into being by God Himself. Very fascinating, indeed! As Scripture states in Romans 1:20 “all will be without excuse” in the end from the evidence which has been presented to them of God's existence and sovereignty. God does not want that anyone should perish, (2 Peter 3:9) and thus I believe He will continue to allow such discoveries in all realms of human inquiry, with, of course, epistemological 'caps' placed where such discovery might lead to eschatological interference and contradict His ontological status.
20 For since the creation of the world God’s invisible qualities—his eternal power and divine nature—have been clearly seen, being understood from what has been made, so that people are without excuse.
-Valerie Lynn Stephens